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SAMTSKHE – JAVAKHETI  - MYSTERIES OF HISTORY AND NATURE 

 

 

Historically  this province  of Georgia was traditionally known as Meskheti, for its Meskhi Georgian tribes. Some scholars credit the Mosiniks  with the invention of iron metallurgy. From the 2nd millennium to the 4th century BC, Meskheti was part of the Kingdom of Diaokhi,  in the 4th century BC to the 6th century AD part of the Kingdom of Iberia

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MAIN SIGHTS - ZARZMA, SAPARA, CHULEVI 

 

Zarzma - It is a complex of a series of buildings dominated by a domed church, belfry and several single vaulted chapels. Some of them are ruined. Monk cells and refectories have not survived. According to some sources, there was a tunnel leading to the river which is by now filled with boulders.  There are several opinions over the date of establishing the monastery (VI-VII-VIII-IX).

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FORTRESS AND CASTLES OF SAMTSKHE – JAVAKHETI

 

Vardzia  is a huge cave complex site in southern Georgia, excavated from the slopes of the Erusheti Mountain on the left bank of the Mtkvari River,  The main period of construction was the second half of the twelfth century.

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BORJOMI – KHARAGAULI NATIONAL PARK

 

One of the largest national parks in Europe, it includes six administrative districts stretching from the resort of Borjomi to the town of Kharagauli. The total area of the park is 5, 3 thousand square kilometers, i.e., 7.6% of the total territory of Georgia. In 1995, the Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park was endorsed and created with the support of the World Wildlife Fund and the German government, and was officially inaugurated in 2001.

70,000 ha of virgin forest; 170 kilometres of unbeaten trails, through canyons, gorges and across the park’s highest peak: the 2,642-metre Mount Sametskhvareo.